World Health Organization or WHO says that the worldwide obesity percentage has doubled significantly, since 1980. There are various reasons behind the rise of the obesity rates in people, specially women such as junk foods, rise of technology and lack of exercises. Being obese can lead to many health issues. Women specially, start facing more problems when obese, such as reproductive problems, breathing problems, fatigue, heart problems and many more. Once you are certain that you are obese, then you can start exercising in order to become fit. Now that obesity has become a public health concern, it’s important to measure it correctly.
Body Mass Index or BMI-
Body Mass Index or BMI is a unique calculation that differentiates people into any one of the below four distinctive categories.
- People with a score of less than 18.5 are underweight.
- People with a score between 18.5 and 24.9 are normal weight.
- People with a score of 25 to 25.9 are overweight.
- People with a score above 30 are obese.
Does BMI help to determine whether you are obese or not?
The answer is no. The person’s body mass index is calculated by using the person’s height and weight, which is a measure of general weight and body fat. But according to researchers from the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA),this technique is flawed. The international Journal of Obesity had published in an article the ineffectiveness of BMI. It also reveals that many people are wrongly stated as overweight or obese, according to the calculations done via BMI. The article emphasizes the urgency and necessity for Doctors and patients to opt for an alternative method in order to accurately determine healthy weight ranges.
BMI calculation which takes into consideration the height and weight, never takes into account a person’s muscles, bones, or other fat proportions. For example, a person with higher fat and lower muscle tone will produce lower BMI than someone with exceptional muscle tone and minimal body fat. The reason behind this is muscle is four times as dense as fat tissue. If this is the case then many professional football players’ BMIs would put them in the obese category when in reality they are in much better shape than an average person.
Finally to reach a conclusion, the BMI calculation, which was practiced since the 1830’s, is not an accurate way to measure fitness and may show false information.